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List of available DNA sequences of medicinal plants
Click the painted box to view the detailed sequence information.
Gene Region
Nuclear Chloroplast Mitochondria
Crude drug name Plant name 5Ss 18S ITS1 5.8S ITS2 26S others trnH-psbA matK trnK trnK-rps16 trnT-L trnL trnL-F rbcL rpoC1 ndhF others
Achyranthes Root Achyranthes fauriei Leveille et Vanioto
Achyranthes bidentata Blume.
Aconite Root (Processed Aconite Root) Aconitum carmichaeli Debeaux
Aconitum japonicum Thunberg
Alisma Rhizome Alisma orientale Juzepczuk
Anemarrhena Rhizome Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bunge
atpB
 AJ417570
cob
 DQ859077
atpA
 AY299711
Angelica Dahurica Root Angelica dahurica Bentham et Hooker
rpoB
 GQ248725
rpoB2
  EF590424
accD
  EF590850
atpF-atpH
  GQ247906
Apricot Kernel Prunus armeniaca Linné
atpB-rbcL
 CAM282870
 AM282871
 EF513136
rpl16
 AB469163
 AY500663
trnS-trnG
  AY500725
Prunus armeniaca Linné var. ansu Maximowicz
psbA
 AF410186
Prunus sibirica Linné
atpB-rbcL
 EF513138
ycf5
 GQ435714
rpl16
 AB469164
Areca Areca catechu Linné
PRK gene
 AY348906
rpb2
 AY543109
 FJ200373
PRK gene
  AF453333
malate synthase gene
  AF455572
ycf5
 GQ435846
Artemisia Capillaris Flower Artemisia capillaris Thunberg
Asiasarum Root Asiasarum sieboldii F. Maekawa
rps16
 AB299903
 AB299921
 AB299922
psbC-trnS
  AB299957
 AB299958
 AB299959
Asiasarum heterotropoides F. Maekawa var. mandshuricum F. Maekawa
rps16
 AB299902
psbC-trnS
  AB299939
Asiasarum heterotropoides F. Maekawa var. seoulense F. Maekawa
Asparagus Tuber Asparagus cochinchinensis Merrill
petD-rpoA
 AB177735
petB
  AB177710
Astragalus Root Astragalus membranaceus Bunge
Astragalus mongholicus Bunge
nad1
 EF685972
cox1
  EF685986
Atractylodes Lancea Rhizome Atractylodes lancea De Candolle
psbB-psbH
 EU931334
atpB-rbcL
  EU931326
Atractylodes chinensis Koidzumi
psbB-psbH
 EU931335
atpB-rbcL
  EU931327
Atractylodes lancea x Atractylodes chinensis
Atractylodes Rhizome Atractylodes japonica Koidzumi ex Kitamura
trnS-trnC
 AY865189
trnE-trnY-rpoB
  AY865283
trnG-trnT
  AY865233
atpB-rbcL
  EU931329
psbB-psbH
  EU931337
Atractylodes macrocephala Koidzumi (=Atractylodes ovata De Candolle)
atpB-rbcL
 EU931325
psbB-psbF-psbN-psbH
  EU931333
Bupleurum Root Bupleurum falcatum Linné
rps16
 AF110566
Bupleurum chinense DC.
Burdock Fruit Arctium lappa Linné
ETS
 AB254774
rps4-trnT-trnL
 EU661123
Chrysanthemum Flower Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramatulle
trnS-trnC
 AY865210
trnG-trnT
  AY865254
trnE-trnY-rpoB
  AY865304
16S-trnI-trnA
  EF010922
 EF010923
rpl16
  EF091653
 EF091654
 EF091656
 EF091658
Chrysanthemum indicum Linné
BADH
 EF683590
CHS24
 AF511461
CHS3
 AF511459
CHS39
 AF511462
CHS4
 AF511460
ETS
 AB359822
 AB359823
 AB359824
Cimicifuga Rhizome Cimicifuga simplex Wormskjord
Cimicifuga heracleifolia Komarov
atpB
 EU053878
Cimicifuga dahurica (Turcz.) Maximowicz
Cimicifuga foetida Linné
Cinnamon Bark Cinnamomum cassia Blume
Citrus Unshiu Peel Citrus unshiu Markovich
Citrus reticulata Blanco
rpoB
 GQ248747
rpoB2
  EF590436
psbK-psbI
  GQ248434
atpF-atpH
  GQ247928
psbA
  AY095445
trnA-trnI
  AY690321
16S-trnI-trnA-23S
  DQ001754
ycf5
  F590806
accD
  EF590862
ndhJ
  EF590931
atpB
  EF118864
 EF118865
atpB-rbcL
  EF126537
 EF126538
rps16
  EF126604
rps4-trnT
  EF134669
 EF134670
psbM-trnD
  EF164849
 EF164850
trnS-trnG
  EF176533
 EF176534
Citrus reticulata x Citrus unshiu
Clove Syzygium aromaticum Merrill et Perry (Eugenia caryophyllata Thunberg)
rpl16
 DQ088419
Cnidium Rhizome Cnidium officinale Makino
Ligusticum chuanxiong
Coix Seed Coix lacryma-jobi Linné var. ma-yuen Stapf
rpoC2
 AY174476
nad3-rps12
 AF239263
Coptis Rhizome Coptis japonica Makino
Coptis chinensis Franchet
trnD-trnY-trnE-trnT
 AB159549
Coptis deltoidea C. Y. Cheng et Hsiao
trnY-trnE
 AB159548
ycf5
 GQ435670
 GQ435671
Coptis teeta Wallich
trnY-trnE
 AB159547
Cornus Fruit Cornus officinalis Siebold et Zuccarini
PI
 EU447705
 EU447706
atpB
 AJ236229
Corydalis Tuber Corydalis turtschaninovii Besser forma yanhusuo Y. H. Chou et C. C. Hsu
Cyprus Rhizome Cyperus rotundus Linné
Eleutherococcus Senticosus Rhizome Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. et Maxim.) Maximowicz
Ephedra Herb Ephedra sinica Stapf
psbB-psbT-psbN-psbH
 AY007462
psbE-psbF-psbL-psbJ
  AY007477
psbD-psbC
  AF239780
atpB
  AY056526
 AF239779
rps4-trnS
  AY591446
 AY591486
rps12-rps7
  AF238067
rps4
  AY755824
 AY755826
cox1
 DQ987887
Ephedra intermedia Schrenk et C. A. Meyer
Ephedra equisetia Bunge
Euodia Fruit Euodia ruticarpa Hooker filius et Thomson (=Evodia rutaecarpa Bentham)
Euodia officinalis Dode (=Evodia officinalis Dode)
Euodia bodinieri Dode (=Evodia bodinieri Dode)Euodia bodinieri Dode
Forsythia Fruit Forsythia suspensa Vahl
rps16
 AF225231
Forsythia viridissima Lindley
Fritillaria Bulb Fritillaria verticillata Willdenow var. thunbergii Baker
Gardenia Fruit Gardenia jasminoides Ellis
atpB-rbcL
 FJ493372
Gastrodia Tuber Gastrodia elata Blume
Ginger Zingiber officinale Roscoe
CHS1
 DQ089697
CHS2
  DQ851164
CHS3
  DQ851165
CHS4
  DQ851166
rps16
 AF141095
Ginseng Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer
16S
 EF550997
Glycyrrhiza Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fischer
P450
 AY870908
 AY870909
PIP1
  EU262597
SQS1
  EU851906
 EU851907
 EU851908
 EU851909
Glycyrrhiza glabra Linné
lectin
 HQ337023
RAPD marker
  HQ883981
lectin1
  AJ234388
lectin2
  AJ234389
Hemp Fruit Cannabis sativa Linné
rps4
 EU002301
psbB-psbT-psbN-psbH
  EU002390
rpoC2
  EU002481
trnK-psbA
  DQ004501
 DQ004502
 DQ004503
 DQ004504
 DQ004505
Immature Orange Citrus aurantium Linné var. daidai Makino
Citrus aurantium Linné
rpoB
 GQ248746
 EF590435
atpF-atpH
  GQ247927
atpB
  EF118842
 EF118843
atpB-rbcL
  EF126512
 EF126513
rps16
  EF126580
 EF126581
rps4-trnT
  EF134644
 EF134645
psbM-trnD
  EF164824
 EF164825
trnS-trnG
  EF176508
 EF176509
ycf5
  EF590805
accD
  EF590861
ndhJ
  EF590930
Citrus natsudaidai Hayata
CCoAMT
 AB035144
rpl16
 AB514121
Japanese Angelica Root Angelica acutiloba Kitagawa
rpl16-rpl14
 AB199891
atpF-atpA
  AB200214
Angelica acutiloba Kitagawa var. sugiyamae Hikino
rpl16-rpl14
 AB199892
atpF-atpA
 AB200215
Japanese Gentian Gentiana scabra Bunge
rpl16
 AB453143
 AB453145
Gentiana manshurica Kitagawa
Gentiana triflora Pallas
Gentiana scabra x Gentiana triflora
rpl16
 AB453147
 AB453148
 AB453146
Gentiana triflora var. japonica
Japanese Zanthoxylum Peel Zanthoxylum piperitum De Candolle
Jujube Zizyphus jujuba Miller var. inermis Rehder
Jujube Seed Zizyphus jujuba Miller var. spinosa (Bunge) Hu ex H. F. Chou
ycf5
 GQ435764
Lycium Bark Lycium chinensis Miller
atpB
 FJ914152
Lycium barbarum Linné
atpB
 AM233336
Magnolia Bark Magnolia obovata Thunberg
GAI1
 EU849763
Leafy
  EU849862
PHYA
  EU849963
atpB-rbcL
 AB021059
rps16
  AB237240
 AB237239
rpl16
  AB237244
Magnolia officinalis Rehder et Wilson
GAI1
 EU849784
 EU849788
Leafy
 EU849883
 EU849886
PHYA
 EU849984
 EU849987
ORF350
 AY008885
petB-petD
 AY590846
ycf5
 GQ435676
Magnolia officinalis Rehder et Wilson var. biloba Rehder et Wilson
atpB-rbcL
 AB021060
rps16
 EU221526
Magnolia Flower Magnolia salicifolia Maximowicz
GAI1
 EU849770
Leafy
  EU849869
PHYA
  EU849970
rps16
 AB237245
 AB237246
rpl16
  AB237249
trnG
  AB237250
 AB237251
atpB-rbcL
  AB237255
 AB237256
 AB021069
accD-psaI
  AB237257
trnS-trnG
  AB237258
trnW-trnP
  AB237252
petB
  AB237253
petD-rpoA
  AB237254
Magnolia kobus De Candolle
GAI1
 EU849764
Leafy
 EU849863
PHYA
 EU849964
5S rRNA
 X16976
atpB-rbcL
 AB021068
ORF350
 AY008862
Magnolia biondii Pampanini
atpB-rbcL
 AY008956
Magnolia sprengeri Pampanini
GAI1
 EU849725
 EU849779
Leafy
 EU849825
 EU849878
PHYA
 EU849925
 EU849979
rps16
 EU221530
Magnolia heptapeta Dandy (=Magnolia denudata Desrousseaux)
Mentha Herb Mentha arvensis Linné var. piperascens Malinvaud
rpl16
 AY618532
Mentha haplocalyx Briq.
Moutan Bark Paeonia suffruticosa Andrews (Paeonia moutan Sims)
atpB
 AF093389
 AF209643
Mulberry Bark Morus alba Linné
rbcL-accD
 AB194397
rps16
  EF687667
 EF687668
 EF687670
 EF687671
 EF687679
 EF687682
Morus mongolica
rps16
 EF687675
Notopterygium Notopterygium incisum Ting ex H. T. Chang
Notopterygium forbesii Boissieu
Ophiopogon Root Ophiopogon japonicus Ker-Gawler
Panax Japonicus Rhizome Panax japonicus C. A. Meyer
trnC-petN-psbM-trnD
 AY275927
 AY275928
nad1
 EU551721
Peach Kernel Prunus persica Batsch
rpl16
 AB469167
 AY500671
trnS-trnG
  AY500733
rpl20-rps12
  AY968557
ndhF-like gene
  EU669129
atpB
  AF209660
psbA
  AF410189
 AF410190
nad1
 AY968485
Prunus persica var. davidiana Maximowicz
Peony Root Paeonia lactiflora Pallas
GPAT
 AY016249
Adh2
  DQ313772
 DQ313773
 AF009068
Adh1A
  AF009049
 AF009050
rps16-trnQ
 DQ313804
matR
 EU281114
Perilla Herb Perilla frutescens Britton var. acuta Kudo
Perilla frutescens Britton var. crispa Decaisne
Phellodendron Bark Phellodendron amurense Ruprecht
atpB
 AF066833
Phellodendron chinense Schneider
Pinellia Tuber Pinellia ternata Breitenbach
lectin gene
 AY725425
rpl20-rps12
 AY248931
atpB-rbcL
  FJ638617
rps16
  EU193501
cox1
 EF517178
 AY243112
Plantago Seed Plantago asiatica Linné
Plantago depressa
Platycodon Root Platycodon grandiflorum A. De Candolle
atpB
 EU437586
trnS-trnC
  AY865175
Polygala Root Polygala tenuifolia Willdenow
Polyporus Sclerotium Polyporus umbellatus Fries
28S
 AB368109
 AJ489167
 AJ489168
rpb2
  AB368166
btub1
  EU442269
 EU442271
 EU442274
small subunit ribosomal RNA
 AF358741
atp6
  AB368051
Poria Sclerotium Wolfiporia cocos Ryvarden et Gilbertson (=Poria cocos Wolf)
28S
 EF397598
 EF397599
 EF397600
25S
  AF393081
Processed Ginger Zingiber officinale Roscoe
CHS1
 DQ089697
CHS2
  DQ851164
CHS3
  DQ851165
CHS4
  DQ851166
rps16
 AF141095
Processed Rehmannia Root Rehmannia glutinosa Liboschitz var. purpurea Makino
Rehmannia glutinosa Liboschitz
atpB-rbcL
 AY423106
rps2
  FJ172711
rps16
  FJ172697
 DQ856487
cox1
 AJ247589
Pueraria Root Pueraria lobata Ohwi
rpoB-trnC
 EF549835
 trnS-trnG
  EF549930
clpP
  EU717225
rpl2
  EU717366
atpB
  EU717435
rps16
  EU717501
ycf4
  AF311835
Pueraria thomsonii
Red Ginseng Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer
16S
 EF550997
Red Peony Root Paeonia lactiflora Pallas
GPAT
 AY016249
Adh2
  DQ313772
 DQ313773
 AF009068
Adh1A
  AF009049
 AF009050
rps16-trnQ
 DQ313804
matR
 EU281114
Rehmannia Root Rehmannia glutinosa Liboschitz var. purpurea Makino
Rehmannia glutinosa Liboschitz
atpB-rbcL
 AY423106
rps2
  FJ172711
rps16
  FJ172697
 DQ856487
cox1
 AJ247589
Rhubarb Rheum palmatum Linné
trnS-trnG
 AY920225
 AY920228
accD
  EU553978
ndhJ
  EU553996
poB2
  EU554025
ycf5
  FJ503037
Rheum tanguticum Maximowicz
trnS-trnG
 AY920224
 AY920229
accD
  EU553979
ndhJ
  EU553997
poB2
  EU554026
ycf5
  FJ503038
Rheum officinale Baillon
CHS
 HM217095
trnS-trnG
 AY920226
 AY920227
accD
  EU553977
 EU840436
ndhJ
  EU553995
poB2
  EU554024
psaA
  EU840352
ycf5
  FJ503045
 GQ435854
 GQ435855
Rheum coreanum Nakai
Saffron Crocus sativus Linné
psbA
 EU110147
rpL36-rpS8
  EU110729
atpF-atpH
  EU523362
accD
  EU110282
Saposhnikovia Root and Rhizome Saposhnikovia divaricata Schischkin
Schisandra Fruit Schisandra chinensis Baillon
rpl16
 AM421608
 AY326480
psbB-psbT-psbN-psbH
  AY007470
psbE-psbF-psbL-psbJ
  AY007485
psbD-psbC
  AF239791
rpl2
  AY007498
petB-petD
  AY590866
trnK-psbA
  DQ185526
atpB
  AF093400
 AF239790
rps12-rps7-ndhB
  AF238075
Schizonepeta Spike Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briquet
rpoB
 EU590867
accD
  EU590899
ycf5
  FJ513181
Scutellaria Root Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi
rpoB
 EU590871
accD
  EU590902
rpl16
  AB112068
 GQ374124 
Sinomenium Stem and Rhizome Sinomenium acutum Rehder et Wilson
atpB
 FJ026446
Sophora Root Sophora flavescens Aiton
SFL
 EU652723
Trichosanthes Root Trichosanthes kirilowii Maximowicz
TCS
 AY082348
 AF367252
 AY669811
 AY082349
 S70176
 TKU25675
gas1
  AY379779
TCM
  AY584242
rpl20-rps12
  DQ536603
Trichosanthes kirilowii Maximowicz var. japonicum Kitamura
karasurin precursor gene
 AB000666
Trichosanthes bracteata Voigt
Turmeric Curcuma longa Linné
trnS-trnfM
 AB370931
 AB370934
 AB370929
 AB370932
 AB370927
 AB370930
 AB370933
 AB370928
rpoB2
  EU492377
rpoB-like
  EU492378
 EU492371
accD
  EU492372
 EU492380
 EU492381
cox1
 EU069563
Uncaria Hook Uncaria rhynchophylla Miquel
ETS
 AJ812080
rps16
 AB178637
Uncaria sinensis Haviland
Uncaria macrophylla Wallich
Zedoary Curcuma zedoaria Roscoe
trnS-trnfM
 AB370939
 AB370942
 AB370940
 AB370943
 AB370941
rpoB2
  EU492366
accD
  EU492369
rpoC-like
  EU492375
Curcuma phaeocaulis
Curcuma kwangsiensis
petA-psbJ
 JF730287
psbK-psbI
 GU180471
 GU180468
 GU180469
 GU180470
rpoB
 GU180561
 GU180562
 GU180563
 GU180564