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Alisma Tuber
Alisma Tuber
Market name:川澤瀉
Photo location:Museum of Materia Medica, Inst. of Nat. Med.
TMPW No.:4622
Alisma orientale
Plant name:Alisma orientale
Photo location:South Jeolla Prov., Korea
Photo date:1998
Photographer:K. Komatsu

Latin name Alismatis Tuber
Botanical source: Family name Alismataceae
Botanical source: Plant name Alisma orientale Juzepczuk (IPNI:58233-1)
Part used Tuber
Empirical criteria for quality selection Good one is enlarged, spherical and the inside is whitish. The inside of second class is light brown in color. (TN)
Constituents Sugar:

D-Glucose, D-Fructose



Alisol A, Alisol B, Alisol C

Other aromatic compounds:

Amino acids & Peptides:
Amino acids, Protein
Pharmacological effects Anti-fatty liver (Alisma Rhizome powder). Suppression of hepatopathy induced by carbon tetrachloride (benzene-acetone soluble fraction). Decrease in the cholesterol level in the liver and blood (arisol A, arisol A-24-monoacetate, arisol B-23-monoacete, arisol C-23-monoacetate).
Indications As a diuretic and antidiarrheal drug, it is used in the treatment of oliguria, frequent urination, dizziness, thirst and retention of water in the stomach.
Diseases Oliguria, Muddy and watery stool, Urodynia, Dysuria, Vertigo
Formulas ireito , inchingoreisan , ureitsukisan , keihito , kogikujiogan , goshajinkigan , gorinsan , goreisan , saireito , shireito , jofuto , jingyobofuto , takushato , chibakujiogan , choreito , choreitogoshimotsuto , tokishakuyakusan , tokishakuyakusankaogichoto , tokishakuyakusankaninjin , tokishakuyakusankabushi , dokkatsuto , hachimijiogan , hangebyakujutsutemmato , bukuryotakushato , bunshoto , hokikenchuto , mibakujiogan , ryutanshakanto , rokumigan
Meridian tropism Kidney, Gall bladder
Property Cold
Flavor Sweet
Classification in "Shen-non Ben-cao Jing" Superior
TCM: Classification Diuretics with removing dampness
TCM: Medicinal effects To cause diuresis and to remove damp-heat.: For edema with oliguria, diarrhea with diminished discharge of urine, vertigo due to retention of fluid, acute urinary infection of difficult painful urination, hyperlipemia.
Remarks Listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia 18th ed.
References TN: T. Namba & Y. Tsuda ed., Outline of Pharmacognosy, a Textbook, 3rd ed., Nankodo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 1998.
DNA sequences of medicinal plants
Gene Region
Nuclear Chloroplast Mitochondria
Botanical source: Plant name 5Ss 18S ITS1 5.8S ITS2 26S others trnH-psbA matK trnK trnK-rps16 trnT-L trnL trnL-F rbcL rpoC1 ndhF others
Alisma orientale Juzepczuk (IPNI:58233-1)


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Traditional Medical & Pharmaceutical Database

Section of Pharmacognosy,
Division of Medicinal Resources,
Department of Research and Development,
Institute of Natural Medicine,
University of Toyama
2630 Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194 Japan
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