Menu  → Scientific information on crude drugs  → 
Amomum Seed
Amomum Seed
TMPW No.:1804

Latin name Amomi Semen
Botanical source: Family name Zingiberaceae
Botanical source: Plant name - Amomum villosum var. xanthioides T.L.Wu et S.J.Chen (IPNI:892796-1)
- Amomum villosum var. villosum
- Amomum longiligulare T.L.Wu (IPNI:872130-1)
Part used Seed mass
Empirical criteria for quality selection Good oen is a large oval sphere. Without exciple, the exterior is dark brown. There are products coated with white powder. (TN)
Constituents Monoterpenoids:
Amomum xanthioides: Essential oil 1.5~3%;
d-Borneol, Bornyl acetate, Linalool, d-Camphor, Nerolidol
Alpinia japonica: Essential oil 0.4~0.8%:
Cineole, β-Pinine

A. japonica:
Sesquiterpene, Sesquiterpene alcohol

Flavones & Flavonols:
A. japonica:
Izalpinin, Alpinone, nor-Alpinone-3,5-dimethyl ester
Pharmacological effects Aromatic stomachic (essential oil).
Indications As an aromatic stomachic and antiflatulent, it is applied to treat weakness of digestive system, gastric stagnation, dyspeptic and nervous diarrhea.
Diseases Full stomach, Abdominal pain, Nausea, Vomitting, Anorexia, Hyperemesis gravidarum, Diarrhea, Muddy and watery stool, Threatened abortion, Threatened abortion
Formulas anchusan , anchusankabukuryo , ireito , kashokuyohito , karokijitsuto , kishukunichinto , kyoseihatekigan , koshaheiisan , koshayoito , kosharikkunshito , shobaito , jinryobyakujutsusan , zenshikunshito , chokoshiteito , bunshoto
Meridian tropism Spleen, Stomach, Kidney
Property Warm
Flavor Acrid/pungent
Classification in "Shen-non Ben-cao Jing"  
TCM: Classification Dampness-resolving drugs with fragrant odor
TCM: Medicinal effects To eliminate damp and improve appetite to warm the spleen and check diarrhea, and to prevent abortion.
For accumulation of damp in the spleen and the stomach marked by epigastric stiffness and anorexia, vomiting and diarrhea in deficiency-cold syndrome of the spleen and the stomach, pernicious vomiting of pregnancy, and threatened abortion.
Remarks Listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia 18th ed.
References TN: T. Namba & Y. Tsuda ed., Outline of Pharmacognosy, a Textbook, 3rd ed., Nankodo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 1998.


Information on genetic analysis

Information of bioassay

Metabolism information on chemical compounds included in crude drugs

Traditional Medical & Pharmaceutical Database

Section of Pharmacognosy,
Division of Medicinal Resources,
Department of Research and Development,
Institute of Natural Medicine,
University of Toyama
2630 Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194 Japan
TEL: +81-76-434-7601
FAX: +81-76-434-5064