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Artemisia Capillaris Flower
Artemisia Capillaris Flower
Market name:茵陳蒿
Photo location:Museum of Materia Medica, Inst. of Nat. Med.
TMPW No.:11429
Artemisia capillaris
Plant name:Artemisia capillaris
Photo location:Toyama Pref., Japan
Photo date:1993
Photographer:S. Yamaji

Latin name Artemisiae Capillaris Flos
Botanical source: Family name Asteraceae (=Compositae)
Botanical source: Plant name Artemisia capillaris Thunberg (IPNI:179314-1)
Part used Flower head
Empirical criteria for quality selection Good MIAN-YINCHEN-HAO (Artemisia Capillaris Flower collected in spring) has thin leaves like cotton yarns. Good one produced in Japan consists of spikes only. It has a characteristic odor and bitterness, which are the stronger the better. (TN)
Constituents Monoterpenoids:
[A. capillaris: β-Pinen

[A. capillaris]: Capillarisin

[A. capillaris (seedlings)]: Scoparone (= Esculetin-6,7-dimethylether), Scopoletin

[A. capillaris]: Capillarin

Other aromatic derivatives:
[A. capillaris (spikes)]: Capillone, Norcapillene, Capilline, Capillene
Pharmacological effects Increase in bile secretion (decoction, ethanol extract, esculetin, capillin, capillarisin).
Indications As an antiinflammatory, normalizing the gallbladder function, antifebrile and diuretic, it is applied to treat jaundice, hepatitis and cholecystitis.
Diseases Jaundice, Oliguria, Full stomach, Fever, Restlessness, Chest pain, Pain of lateral sides of trunk, Feeling of bitter in the mouth, Muddy and watery stool, Edema, Chill, Lack of energy, Urticaria, Itching
Formulas inchinkoto , inchingoreisan , kamigedokuto , kanroin
Meridian tropism Spleen, Stomach, Liver, Gall bladder
Property Neutral, Slightly cold
Flavor Bitter
Classification in "Shen-non Ben-cao Jing" Superior
TCM: Classification Diuretics with removing dampness
TCM: Medicinal effects To remove damp-heat and relieve jaundice.
Used for jaundice and oliguria, infectious icteric hepatitis, sores with exudation and itching.
Remarks Listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia 18th ed.
References TN: T. Namba & Y. Tsuda ed., Outline of Pharmacognosy, a Textbook, 3rd ed., Nankodo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 1998.
DNA sequences of medicinal plants
Gene Region
Nuclear Chloroplast Mitochondria
Botanical source: Plant name 5Ss 18S ITS1 5.8S ITS2 26S others trnH-psbA matK trnK trnK-rps16 trnT-L trnL trnL-F rbcL rpoC1 ndhF others
Artemisia capillaris Thunberg (IPNI:179314-1)


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Section of Pharmacognosy,
Division of Medicinal Resources,
Department of Research and Development,
Institute of Natural Medicine,
University of Toyama
2630 Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194 Japan
TEL: +81-76-434-7601
FAX: +81-76-434-5064