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Asparagus Root
Asparagus Root
Market name:天門冬
Photo location:Museum of Materia Medica, Inst. of Nat. Med.
TMPW No.:183
Asparagus cochinchinensis
Plant name:Asparagus cochinchinensis
Photo location:Nanjin, Jiangsu Prov., China
Photo date:1986
Photographer:K. Komatsu

Latin name Asparagi Radix
Botanical source: Family name Liliaceae
Botanical source: Plant name Asparagus cochinchinensis Merrill (IPNI:531041-1)
Part used Tuberous root
Empirical criteria for quality selection Good one is thick, dense and translucent yellowish-white. The product of Guizhou Prov., Sentendo, is of high quality. (TN)
Constituents Sterols:

Steroid saponins & Sapogenins:

Other aromatic compounds:

Amino acids:

Mucous substances
Pharmacological effects Antibacterial (Gram-positive).
Indications As an antitussive, diuretic, reliever and tonic, it is applied to treat cough of deficiency syndrome, hemoptysis, dry cough and dry stool.
Diseases Cough, Dry cough, Phlegm-free, Hemoptysis, Dyspnea, Chronic bronchitis, Tuberculosis, Sputum with blood, Night sweats, Thirst, Constipation
Formulas ogibekkoto , kanroin , jiinkokato , seihaito
Meridian tropism Lung, Kidney
Property Extremely cold
Flavor Sweet, Bitter
Classification in "Shen-non Ben-cao Jing" Superior
TCM: Classification Tonics
TCM: Medicinal effects To replenish yin, promote fluid secretion and moisten the lung.
Used for dryness of the lung marked by dry cough, or pertussis with sticky sputum, dry throat, thirst and constipation.
Remarks Listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia 18th ed.
References TN: T. Namba & Y. Tsuda ed., Outline of Pharmacognosy, a Textbook, 3rd ed., Nankodo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 1998.
DNA sequences of medicinal plants
Gene Region
Nuclear Chloroplast Mitochondria
Botanical source: Plant name 5Ss 18S ITS1 5.8S ITS2 26S others trnH-psbA matK trnK trnK-rps16 trnT-L trnL trnL-F rbcL rpoC1 ndhF others
Asparagus cochinchinensis Merrill (IPNI:531041-1)


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Traditional Medical & Pharmaceutical Database

Section of Pharmacognosy,
Division of Medicinal Resources,
Department of Research and Development,
Institute of Natural Medicine,
University of Toyama
2630 Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194 Japan
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