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Corydalis Tuber
Corydalis Tuber
Market name:延胡索
Photo location:Museum of Materia Medica, Inst. of Nat. Med.
TMPW No.:4417
Corydalis turtschaninovii
Plant name:Corydalis turtschaninovii
Photo date:1982
Photographer:M. Mikage

Latin name Corydalis Tuber
Botanical source: Family name Papaveraceae
Botanical source: Plant name Corydalis turtschaninovii forma yanhusuo Y.H.Chou et C.C.Hsu (IPNI:888049-1)
Part used Dried tuber
Empirical criteria for quality selection The grain of good one is round, big and yellow (TN).
Constituents Isoquinoline alkaloids:
[Corydalis spp.]: dl-Tetrahydropalmatine, l-Tetrahydrocoptisine, d-Corydaline, d-Base II, dl-Base II, l-Canadine, l-Tetrahydrocolumbamine, d-Corybulbine, l-Scoulerine, Coptisine, Dehydrocorydaline, Dehydrothalictrifoline, Berberine, Dehydrocorybulbine, Columbamine, d-Glaucine, d-Isocorydine, Columbamine, d-Norisocorydine, Bulbocapnine, Protopine, α-Allocryptopine, Ambiguapine;
[C. decumbens]: Palmatine, Tetrahydropalmatine, Decumbensine, Protopine, Bulbocapnine, Adlumidine
Pharmacological effects Analgesic (extract), suppression of central nervous system, analgesic (tetrahydropalmatine), suppression of gastric acid release (dehydrocorydaline).
Indications As an antispasmodic, painkiller, and remedy for peptic ulcer, it is applied to treat headache, heartburn, stomachache, abdominal pain and algomenorrhea. Especially good for hypogastric pain due to paramenia. It is also applied to cure gastric and duodenal ulcer.
Diseases Menorrhalgia, Amenorrhea, Hyperemesis after childbirth, Chest pain, Upper abdominal pain, Swelling and pain due to contusion, Lower abdominal pain, Gastric ulcer, Duodenal ulcer
Formulas anchusan , anchusankabukuryo , ureitsukisan , kishukunichinto , kyukichoketsuindaiichikagen , goshitsusan , sesshoin , hachimisenkiho
Meridian tropism Liver, Spleen
Property Warm
Flavor Acrid/pungent, Bitter
Classification in "Shen-non Ben-cao Jing"  
TCM: Classification Drugs for regulating blood conditions
TCM: Medicinal effects To promote circulation of blood and qi and relieve pain.
Used for chest pain, epigastric pain, stomachache, abdominal pain, amenorrhea, blood stasis after childbirth, traumatic swelling and pain.
Remarks Listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia 18th ed.
C. turtschaninovii forma yanhusuo is cultivated in Zhejiang Prov. and Jiamgsu Prov. in China. Though the rhizome of this species is the genuine one, C. nakaii Ishidoya (Korai-engosaku in JP) is produced in Inner Mongolia, the provinces of Northeast Part and Korean peninsula.
References NI: N. Isshiki, Methods of Quality Evaluation and Preparation of Wakan-yaku, Tohodo Shoten, Tokyo, 1987.
DNA sequences of medicinal plants
Gene Region
Nuclear Chloroplast Mitochondria
Botanical source: Plant name 5Ss 18S ITS1 5.8S ITS2 26S others trnH-psbA matK trnK trnK-rps16 trnT-L trnL trnL-F rbcL rpoC1 ndhF others
Corydalis turtschaninovii forma yanhusuo Y.H.Chou et C.C.Hsu (IPNI:888049-1)


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