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TMPW No.:4895

Latin name Foeniculi Fructus
Botanical source: Family name Umbelliferae
Botanical source: Plant name Foeniculum vulgare Miller (IPNI:842680-1)
Part used Fruit
Empirical criteria for quality selection The outside of good one is ash-yellow-green or ash-yellow. The dark one is not good. It has a strong aroma and sweetish taste when it is chewed. (TN)
Constituents Lipids:
Fatty oil

d-Limonene, l-Limonene, d-Fenchone, d-Pinene, Dipentene, β-Pinene, Camphene, γ-Terpinene, p-Cymene, Camphor

Anethole, Estragole

Other aromatic derivatives:
Pharmacological effects Hyperperistalsis of intestinal tract (fennel oil)
Indications It is used as an aromatic stomachic, carminative, expectorant agent and also as a spice. In Chinese traditional medicine, it is applied, as painkiller, to treat lower abdominal pain and colic of cold and yin type.
Diseases Coldness of limbs, Lower abdominal pain, Pain of testis, Scrotal hydrocele, Upper abdominal pain, Vomitting, Anorexia
Formulas anchusan , anchusankabukuryo , kishukunichinto , chokoshiteito
Meridian tropism Liver, Kidney, Spleen, Stomach
Property Warm
Flavor Acrid/pungent
Classification in "Shen-non Ben-cao Jing"  
TCM: Classification Drugs for dispelling internal cold
TCM: Medicinal effects To dispel cold and relieve pain, to regulate the stomach function.
For scrotal hernia with pain and cold extremities, dysmenorrhea with lower abdominal pain and cold sensation, distending pain in the epigastrium with anorexia, vomiting and diarrhea, hydrocele with tunica vaginalis.
Remarks Listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia 18th ed.
References TN: T. Namba & Y. Tsuda ed., Outline of Pharmacognosy, a Textbook, 3rd ed., Nankodo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 1998.


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Section of Pharmacognosy,
Division of Medicinal Resources,
Department of Research and Development,
Institute of Natural Medicine,
University of Toyama
2630 Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194 Japan
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