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Forsythia Fruit
Forsythia Fruit
Market name:連翹
Photo location:Museum of Materia Medica, Inst. of Nat. Med.
TMPW No.:16017
Forsythia suspensa
Plant name:Forsythia suspensa
Photo location:Toyama Pref., Japan
Photo date:1995
Photographer:H. Fushimi

Synonym Weeping Golden Bell
Latin name Forsythiae Fructus
Botanical source: Family name Oleaceae
Botanical source: Plant name Forsythia suspensa Vahl (IPNI:608900-1)
Part used Fruit
Empirical criteria for quality selection Good one is fresh, large and light brown. The surface is smooth. (TN)
Constituents Monoterpenoids:
[F. suspensa]: Forsythide, Forsythide methylester

[F. suspensa]: Oleanolic acid

Lignans & Neolignans:
[F. suspensa]: Arctiin, Arctigenin, Phillyrin, Matairesinoside, Matairesinol, Pinoresinol, Pinoresinol glucoside, Forsythiaside;
[F. koreana]: Forsythin
Pharmacological effects Diuresis, antibacterial (extract; Gram-positive, Gramnegative, tubercule bacillus).
Indications As an antiinflammatory, diuretic, pus drainer and antidote, it is used to treat inflammation due to sores and skin disease. It is said to be good as a painkiller, for relieving vomiting and stimulating menstrual discharge. It is also an effective medicine in surgery.
Diseases Rash, Pyogenic dermatosis, Enlarged lymph nodes, Fever, High fever, Disturbance of consciousness, Urodynia, Dysuria
Formulas kagenryokakusan (asada) , kagenryokakusan (kyoteiken) , kyoseihatekigan , kufugedokusan , keigairengyoto , keibohaidokusan , saikoseikanto , jumihaidokuto , seijobofuto , senkanmeimokuto , jizusoippo , jizusoippokyodaio , dokkatsuto , bofutsushosan , maorenshoshakushozuto , ryokakusan
Meridian tropism Heart, Gall bladder
Property Slightly cold
Flavor Bitter
Classification in "Shen-non Ben-cao Jing" Inferior
TCM: Classification Antipyretics
TCM: Medicinal effects To remove toxic heat, to cause subsidence of swelling, and to eliminate nodulation.
Used for carbuncles, boils, lymphadenitis, mastitis, erysipelas, upper respiratory infection, febrile disease at the early stage and at the stage with high fever, dire thirst, delirium and coma, and acute urinary infection with oliguria.
Remarks Listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia 18th ed.
References TN: T. Namba & Y. Tsuda ed., Outline of Pharmacognosy, a Textbook, 3rd ed., Nankodo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 1998.
DNA sequences of medicinal plants
Gene Region
Nuclear Chloroplast Mitochondria
Botanical source: Plant name 5Ss 18S ITS1 5.8S ITS2 26S others trnH-psbA matK trnK trnK-rps16 trnT-L trnL trnL-F rbcL rpoC1 ndhF others
Forsythia suspensa Vahl (IPNI:608900-1)
Forsythia viridissima Lindley (IPNI:608903-1)


Information on genetic analysis

Metabolism information on chemical compounds included in crude drugs

Traditional Medical & Pharmaceutical Database

Section of Pharmacognosy,
Division of Medicinal Resources,
Department of Research and Development,
Institute of Natural Medicine,
University of Toyama
2630 Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194 Japan
TEL: +81-76-434-7601
FAX: +81-76-434-5064