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Jujube Seed
Jujube Seed
Market name:酸棗仁
Photo location:Museum of Materia Medica, Inst. of Nat. Med.
TMPW No.:5298
Ziziphus jujuba
Plant name:Ziziphus jujuba
Photo location:Inner Mongolia, China
Photo date:1994
Photographer:K. Komatsu

Latin name Ziziphi Semen
Botanical source: Family name Rhamnaceae
Botanical source: Plant name Ziziphus jujuba var. spinosa Hu ex H.F.Chou
Part used Ripe seed
Empirical criteria for quality selection Good one is flattish and round. The kernel is large and red in color. (NI)
Constituents Fatty acids related compounds:
Fatty oil

Betulinic acid, Betulin, Ebelinlactone

Steroid saponins & Sapogenins:
Jujuboside A, Jujuboside B
Pharmacological effects Sedation, analgesia, increase in the blood pressure (fatty oil fraction, water soluble fraction), sedation (methanol soluble, water soluble fraction).
Indications As a nerve tonic, tranquilizer and hypnotic, it is used to treat psychogenic insomnia, neurosis, forgetfulness, thirst and hyperhidrosis of fragile types.
Diseases Fret, Heat, Insomnia, Palpitation, Amnesia, Dream-disturbed sleep, Fatigable, Lack of energy, Hyperhidrosis, Spontaneous sweating, Night sweats
Formulas untanto , kamiuntanto , kamikihito , kihito , sansoninto
Meridian tropism Heart, Spleen, Liver, Gall bladder
Property Neutral
Flavor Sweet, Sour
Classification in "Shen-non Ben-cao Jing" Superior
TCM: Classification Sedatives and tranquilizers
TCM: Medicinal effects To replenish the liver, to cause tranquilizations, to arrest excessive perspiration, and to promote the production of body fluid.
Used for insomnia, dream-disturbed sleep, excessive sweating due to debility, thirst due to consumption of body fluid.
Remarks Listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia 18th ed.
References NI: N. Isshiki, Methods of Quality Evaluation and Preparation of Wakan-yaku [Wakanyaku no ryohi kanbetsu-ho oyobi chosei-ho], Tohodo Shoten, Tokyo, 1987.
DNA sequences of medicinal plants
Gene Region
Nuclear Chloroplast Mitochondria
Botanical source: Plant name 5Ss 18S ITS1 5.8S ITS2 26S others trnH-psbA matK trnK trnK-rps16 trnT-L trnL trnL-F rbcL rpoC1 ndhF others
Ziziphus jujuba var. spinosa Hu ex H.F.Chou (NCBI:txid714518)


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Traditional Medical & Pharmaceutical Database

Section of Pharmacognosy,
Division of Medicinal Resources,
Department of Research and Development,
Institute of Natural Medicine,
University of Toyama
2630 Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194 Japan
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