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TMPW No.:4882

Latin name Carthami Flos
Botanical source: Family name Asteraceae (=Compositae)
Botanical source: Plant name Carthamus tinctorius Linné (IPNI:324467-2)
Part used Tubulous flower
Empirical criteria for quality selection Good one is fresh and brilliantly cherry-red in color (TN).
Constituents Fatty acids:
Linoleic acid (seed)

Safflower oil (Oleic, Linoleic acidのGlyceride) (flower)

Sterols (flower)

Lignans & Neolignans:
Lignans (flower);
Tracheloside, Matciresinol-4-O-β-glucopyranoside (seed)

Flavones & Flavonols:
Luteolin-7-glucoside (leaf);
6-Hydroxykaempferol, 6-Hydroxykaempferol-3,6-di-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, 6-Hydroxykaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, 6-Hydroxykaempferol-3-O-β-rutinoside-6-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, 6-Hydroxykaempferol-3,6,7-tri-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (flower)

Flavanones & Dihydroflavonols:
Carthamidin, Neocarthamin (flower)

Chalcones, Dihydrochalcones & Aurones:
Carthamin, Safflor yellow, Safflor yellow B, Safflor yellow A, Carthamin, Hydroxysafflor yellow A, Safflor-metabolin, Safflomin A, Safflomin C (flower)low B, Safflor yellow A, Carthamin, Hydroxysafflor yellow A, Safflor-metabolin, Safflomin A, Safflomin C (flower)
Pharmacological effects Enhanced uterus tonus, induction of rhythmic contraction, excitation of intestinal smooth muscle, decrease in the blood pressure, suppression of stress ulcer.
Indications For inducing menstruation and removing blood stasis, it is applied in the treatment of abdominal pain, gynecologic disorder, hematogenous disorders such as poor circulation and menopausal disorders.
Diseases Amenorrhea, Menorrhalgia, Intra-abdominal tumor, Dystocia, Fetal death, Swelling and pain due to contusion, Pyogenic dermatosis, Anginal pain
Formulas kakkonkokato , kyukichoketsuindaiichikagen , jiketsujunchoto , jogan'ippo , jingyokyokatsuto , jingyobofuto , sesshoin , jizusoippo , jizusoippokyodaio , tsudosan , hoyokangoto
Meridian tropism Heart, Liver
Property Warm
Flavor Acrid/pungent
Classification in "Shen-non Ben-cao Jing"  
TCM: Classification Drugs for regulating blood conditions
TCM: Medicinal effects To activate blood circulation and stimulate menstrual discharge, and to remove blood stasis and relieve pain.
For amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, retention of lochia, formation of mass in the abdomen, traumatic injuries or sores with swelling and pain.
Remarks Listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia 18th ed.
References TN: T. Namba & Y. Tsuda ed., Outline of Pharmacognosy, a Textbook, 3rd ed., Nankodo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 1998.


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Section of Pharmacognosy,
Division of Medicinal Resources,
Department of Research and Development,
Institute of Natural Medicine,
University of Toyama
2630 Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194 Japan
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