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Saussurea Root
Saussurea Root
TMPW No.:4425

Latin name Saussureae Radix
Botanical source: Family name Asteraceae (=Compositae)
Botanical source: Plant name Saussurea lappa C.B.Clarke (IPNI:242388-1)
Part used Root
Empirical criteria for quality selection Good one is enlarged and dense. It has a strong odor. (TN)
Constituents Lipids:

α-Ionone, Dehydrocostus lactone, Saussurea lactone, Costunolide, Dihydrocostunolide, alpha-Costol, beta-Costol, γ-Costol, β-Costic acid, β-Cyclocostunolide, Alantolactone, Isoalantolactone, Isodehydrocostus lactone, Isozaluzanin C, Mokkolactone, Saussureal


Pharmacological effects Antibacterial (essential oil: Streptococcus, Staphylococcus), tracheal dilation, smooth muscle relaxation (saussurine).
Indications As a stomachic and antiflatulent, muxiang is applied for vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, indigestion and parasite infection. It is also used for incense.
Diseases Full stomach, Abdominal pain, Nausea, Vomitting, Constipation, Diarrhea, Tenesmus, Dyspepsia, Anorexia
Formulas ureitsukisan , kamikihito , karokijitsuto , kishukunichinto , kihito , kyukichoketsuindaiichikagen , kumibinroto , koshayoito , goshitsusan , shobaito , jurokumiryukiin , jinsoin , zenshikunshito , zenshibyakujutsusan , chokoshiteito , nyoshinsan , bunshoto
Meridian tropism Spleen, Large intestine
Property Warm
Flavor Acrid/pungent, Bitter
Classification in "Shen-non Ben-cao Jing" Superior
TCM: Classification Drugs for regulating the flow of vital energy
TCM: Medicinal effects To relieve pain by promoting the flow of qi, and to improve digestion by reinforcing the spleen function.
For distending pain in the chest and epigastrium, tenesmus in dysentery, and indigestion with anorexia.
Remarks Listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia 18th ed.
References TN: T. Namba & Y. Tsuda ed., Outline of Pharmacognosy, a Textbook, 3rd ed., Nankodo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 1998.


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