Menu  → Scientific information on crude drugs  → 
Schizonepeta Spike
Schizonepeta Spike
Market name:荊芥
Photo location:Museum of Materia Medica, Inst. of Nat. Med.
TMPW No.:2261
Schizonepeta tenuifolia
Plant name:Schizonepeta tenuifolia
Photo location:Gifu Pref., Japan
Photo date:1988
Photographer:K. Komatsu

Latin name Schizonepetae Spica
Botanical source: Family name Labiatae
Botanical source: Plant name Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briquet (IPNI:458037-1)
Part used Pedunculus with spikes or branches with spikes, or spikes
Empirical criteria for quality selection Good one is fresh and has a strong aroma (TN).
Constituents Other aliphatic and related compounds:
3-Octanone, 3-Octanol, 1-Octen-3-ol

Essential oil 1.8%: d-Menthone, l-Menthone, d-Limonene, l-Pulegone, l-Isomenthone, Isopulegone, α-Pinene, β-Pinene, Camphene, Piperitone, Piperitenone, Schizo-nepetoside A, Schizo-nepetoside B, Schizonepetoside C, Schizo-nepetoside D, Schizo-nepetoside E

Caryophyllene, β-Elemene, β-Humulene

Flavones & Flavonols:
Diosmetin, Hesperetin, Luteolin
Pharmacological effects Slight antipyretic, antipruritus, antibacterial (tubercle bacillus).
Indications As a diaphoretic, antifebrile, carminative, antispasmodic and hemostatic, it is applied to treat early stage of cold, headache, sore throat, wound, skin disease, disorder of after childbirth, hematemesis, epistaxis, hematochezia and metrorrhagia and metrostaxis.
Diseases Common cold, Chill, Fever, Headache, Sore throat, Measles, Rubella, Itching, Pyogenic dermatosis, Hematemesis, Nasal hemorrhage, Hematochezia
Formulas kufugedokusan , keigairengyoto , keibohaidokusan , gomotsugedokusan , shofusan , jumihaidokuto , seijobofuto , senkanmeimokuto , senkyuchachosan , jizusoippo , jizusoippokyodaio , tokiinshi , bofutsushosan
Meridian tropism Lung, Liver
Property Slightly warm
Flavor Acrid/pungent
Classification in "Shen-non Ben-cao Jing" Middle
TCM: Classification Diaphoretics (Diaphoretics with warm property)
TCM: Medicinal effects To induce diaphoresis, to dispel wind, and to promote eruptions.
Use for common cold, headache, measles, rubella and sores at the early stage. Carbonized Herba Schizonepetae: Hematochezia, abnormal uterine bleeding, and fainting after delivery due to excessive bleeding.
Remarks Listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia 18th ed.
References TN: T. Namba & Y. Tsuda ed., Outline of Pharmacognosy, a Textbook, 3rd ed., Nankodo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 1998.
DNA sequences of medicinal plants
Gene Region
Nuclear Chloroplast Mitochondria
Botanical source: Plant name 5Ss 18S ITS1 5.8S ITS2 26S others trnH-psbA matK trnK trnK-rps16 trnT-L trnL trnL-F rbcL rpoC1 ndhF others
Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briquet (IPNI:458037-1)


Information on genetic analysis

Metabolism information on chemical compounds included in crude drugs

Traditional Medical & Pharmaceutical Database

Section of Pharmacognosy,
Division of Medicinal Resources,
Department of Research and Development,
Institute of Natural Medicine,
University of Toyama
2630 Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194 Japan
TEL: +81-76-434-7601
FAX: +81-76-434-5064