Menu  → Scientific information on crude drugs  → 
Scrophularia Root
Scrophularia Root
TMPW No.:32

Latin name Scrophulariae Radix
Botanical source: Family name Scrophulariaceae
Botanical source: Plant name - Scrophularia ningpoensis Hemsley (IPNI:809386-1)
- Scrophularia buergeriana Miquel (IPNI:809070-1)
Part used Root
Empirical criteria for quality selection Good one is light brown externally and black internally. Enlarged and rich in moisture is preferable. (NI)
Constituents Monoterpenoids:
Iridoids: Harpagide


p-Methoxycinnamic acid
Pharmacological effects Cardiotonic, vasodilation, decrease in blood pressure, decrease in blood sugar, local irritation, antifungal (extract), antifebrile (p-methoxycinnamic acid).
Indications As an antifebrile, tranquilizer, antiinflammatory drug and removing sores, it is applied to treat febrile disease, sore throat, rhinitis, carbuncles, scrofula and constipation.
Diseases High fever, Disturbance of consciousness, Swelling and pain of the throat, Red eye, Hot flash, Cough, Hemoptysis, Thromboangiitis obliterans, Cervical lymphadenopathy, Tuberculosis, Constipation
Formulas kamiuntanto , shinsentaitsuko , seinetsuhokito , seinetsuhoketsuto
Meridian tropism Lung, Stomach, Kidney
Property Cold
Flavor Bitter, salty
Classification in "Shen-non Ben-cao Jing" Middle
TCM: Classification Antipyretics
TCM: Medicinal effects To reduce heat from blood, to nourish yin, to quench fire, and to counteract toxicity.
For febrile disease with impairment of yin manifested by deep red tongue and dire thirst, or with eruptions, constipation due to impairment of body fluid, phthisis with cough, conjunctivitis, sore throat, scrofula, diphtheria, boils and sores.
Remarks Listed in the Japanese standards for non-pharmacopoeial crude drugs 2018.
References NI: N. Isshiki, Methods of Quality Evaluation and Preparation of Wakan-yaku, Tohodo Shoten, Tokyo, 1987.


Information on genetic analysis

Metabolism information on chemical compounds included in crude drugs

Traditional Medical & Pharmaceutical Database

Section of Pharmacognosy,
Division of Medicinal Resources,
Department of Research and Development,
Institute of Natural Medicine,
University of Toyama
2630 Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194 Japan
TEL: +81-76-434-7601
FAX: +81-76-434-5064