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Atractylodes Lancea Rhizome
Atractylodes Lancea Rhizome
Market name:西北蒼朮
Photo location:Museum of Materia Medica, Inst. of Nat. Med.
TMPW No.:22483
Atractylodes lancea
Plant name:Atractylodes lancea
Photo location:Niigata Pref., Japan
Photo date:1988
Photographer:K. Komatsu

Latin name Atractylodis Lanceae Rhizoma
Botanical source: Family name Asteraceae (=Compositae)
Botanical source: Plant name - Atractylodes lancea De Candolle (IPNI:182976-1)
- Atractylodes chinensis Koidzumi (IPNI:182972-1)
- their interspecific hybrids
Part used Rhizome
Empirical criteria for quality selection Good one is enlarged and heavy. It has a strong aroma and taste. (TN)
Constituents Other aliphatic and related compounds:
A. lancea: Atractylodinol, Acetylatractylodinol

A. lancea: Atractylodin, l-α-Bisabolol, β-Selinene, Atractylone, β-Eudesmol, Hinesol, Elemol;
A. lancea, A. chinensis: Atractylodin, Hinesol, β-Eudesmol, Elemol, Atractylone, Selina-4(14), 7(11)-dien-8-one
Pharmacological effects Antifungal. Sedative (extract, component of essential oil, β-eudesmol, hinesol). Spasmolytic (extract, β-eudesmol, hinesol). Hypoglycemic (alcohol extract).
Indications As a diuretic, diaphoretic, stomachic and antidiarrheal drug, it is used to treat indigestion, diarrhea and muscle disease due to wind-and-dampness. In Chinese medicine, it is a key medicine for eliminating dampness (disorder of water metabolism). It is better than "Atractylodes Rhizome" in depriving dampness, and is used for warm type of excess syndrome.
Diseases Dyspepsia, Full stomach, Feeling of pressure in the chest, Nausea, Vomitting, Diarrhea, Swelling and pain of joint, Headache, Anhidrosis, Fever, Chill, Night blindness, Corneal opacity, Cataract
Formulas ishoho , ireito , inchingoreisan , eppikajutsuto , eppikajutsubuto , kakkonkajutsubuto , kamikihito , kamishimotsuto , kamishoyosan , kamishoyosankasenkyujio , kamiheiisan , kihito , kyukichoketsuin , kyukichoketsuindaiichikagen , keishieppito , keishikajutsubuto , keishikaryojutsubuto , keishishakuyakuchimoto , keishinieppiittokajutsubu , keishininjinto , keihito , koshaheiisan , koshayoito , kosharikkunshito , goshakusan , goreisan , saishakurikkunshito , saireito , shikunshito , shofusan , shoyosan , shireito , shimbuto , jiinkokato , jiinshihoto , juzentaihoto , jingyobofuto , seishitsuketanto , seishoekkito , seijokentsuto , sokeikakketsuto , daibofuto , jizusoippo , jizusoippokyodaio , teikiin , tokisan , tokishakuyakusan , tokishakuyakusankaogichoto , tokishakuyakusankaninjin , tokishakuyakusankabushi , toryuto , nijutsuto , nyoshinsan , ninjinto , ninjin'yoeito , fukankinshokisan , bukuryoin , bukuryoinkahange , bukuryoingohangekobokuto , bukuryotakushato , bushirichuto , bunshoto , heiisan , hokikenchuto , hochuekkito , boiogito , yokuininto , yokukansan , yokukansankashakuyakuoren , yokukansankachimpihange , rikkunshito , ryokyojutsukanto , ryokeijutsukanto , reitakutsukito , reitakutsukitokashin'i , renjuin
Meridian tropism Spleen, Stomach
Property Warm
Flavor Bitter, Acrid/pungent
Classification in "Shen-non Ben-cao Jing" Superior
TCM: Classification Dampness-resolving drugs with fragrant odor
TCM: Medicinal effects To remove damp and invigorate the function of the spleen, to dispel wind-cold, and to improve eyesight.: For epigastric distention and diarrhea, edema, beriberi, lameness, rheumatic arthralgia, common cold, night blindness.
Remarks Listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia 18th ed.
References TN: T. Namba & Y. Tsuda ed., Outline of Pharmacognosy, a Textbook, 3rd ed., Nankodo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 1998.
DNA sequences of medicinal plants
Gene Region
Nuclear Chloroplast Mitochondria
Botanical source: Plant name 5Ss 18S ITS1 5.8S ITS2 26S others trnH-psbA matK trnK trnK-rps16 trnT-L trnL trnL-F rbcL rpoC1 ndhF others
Atractylodes lancea De Candolle (IPNI:182976-1)
Atractylodes chinensis Koidzumi (IPNI:182972-1)
Atractylodes lancea × Atractylodes chinensis (NCBI:txid334519)


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Traditional Medical & Pharmaceutical Database

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