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Atractylodes Rhizome
Atractylodes Rhizome
Market name:韓国白朮
Photo location:Museum of Materia Medica, Inst. of Nat. Med.
TMPW No.:9808
Atractylodes japonica
Plant name:Atractylodes japonica
Photo location:Kyoto Pref., Japan
Photo date:1989
Photographer:S. Yamaji

Latin name Atractylodis Rhizoma
Botanical source: Family name Asteraceae (=Compositae)
Botanical source: Plant name - Atractylodes japonica Koidzumi ex Kitamura (IPNI:182974-1)
- Atractylodes macrocephala Koidzumi (IPNI:182978-1)
Part used Rhizome
Empirical criteria for quality selection Good one has not been damaged by insects and has a strong odor. Chinese one is better in quality.(TN)
Constituents Other aliphatic and related compounds:
[A. japonica]: Diacetylatractylodiol, (4E,6E,12E)-Tetradecatriene-8,10-diyne-1,3-diol diacetate, (6E,12E)-Tetradecadiene-8,10-diyne-1,3-diol diacetate;
[A. ovata]: (4E,6E,12E)-1-Acetoxy-3-senecioyloxytetradeca-4,6,12-trien-8,10-diyn-14-ol, (4E,6E,12E)-1-Acetoxy-3-isovaleryloxytetradeca-4,6,12-trien-8,10-diyn-14-ol

[A. japonica]: Atractan A, Atractan B, Atractan C

[A. japonica]: Atractylone, 3beta-Acetoxyatractylone, 3beta-Hydroxyatractylone, Atractylenolide I, Atractylenolide II, Atractylenolide III, 4(15),7(11)-Selinadien-8-one;
[A. ovata]: Atractylone, γ-Cadinene, γ-Patchoulene
Pharmacological effects Antiinflammatory (decoction). Diuretic (ethanol extract). Antitumor (decoction).
Indications As a stomachic, diuretic, antidiarrheal drug, for regulating digestion, stopping sweating, it is applied to treat gastroenteritis, indigestion, diarrhea, poor urination by impaired hepatic function, frequent urination, edema, debilitation, spontaneous sweating and general aching of the body. In Chinese medicine, it is a key medicine for eliminating dampness. It is widely used for one with deficiency of spleen-qi.
Diseases Dyspepsia, Colitis, Anorexia, Muddy and watery stool, Full stomach, Malaise, Abdominal pain, Chill, Edema, Oliguria, Lightheadedness, Vertigo, Diarrhea, Spontaneous sweating, Threatened abortion, Swelling and pain of joint
Formulas ishoho , ifuto , ireito , inchingoreisan , ureitsukisan , eppikajutsuto , eppikajutsubuto , kashokuyohito , kakkoshokisan , kakkonkajutsubuto , kamikihito , kamishimotsuto , kamishoyosan , kamishoyosankasenkyujio , kamiheiisan , kanzobushito , kijutsuto , kihito , kyukichoketsuin , kyukichoketsuindaiichikagen , keishikajutsubuto , keishikaryojutsubuto , keishikyokeikabukuryobyakujutsuto , keishishakuyakuchimoto , keishinieppiittokajutsubu , keishininjinto , keihito , koshaheiisan , koshayoito , kosharikkunshito , goshakusan , goreisan , saishakurikkunshito , saireito , shikunshito , shofusan , shoyosan , shireito , shimbuto , jiinkokato , jiinshihoto , juzentaihoto , jofuto , jinryobyakujutsusan , seishitsuketanto , seishoekkito , seijokentsuto , seinetsuhokito , zenshikunshito , zenshibyakujutsusan , sokeikakketsuto , takushato , takurishodokuin , daibofuto , teikiin , tokisan , tokishakuyakusan , tokishakuyakusankaogichoto , tokishakuyakusankaninjin , tokishakuyakusankabushi , nijutsuto , nyoshinsan , ninjinto , ninjin'yoeito , hachigesan , hangebyakujutsutemmato , byakujutsubushito , fukankinshokisan , bukuryoin , bukuryoinkahange , bukuryoingohangekobokuto , bukuryotakushato , bushito , bushirichuto , bunshoto , heiisan , hokikenchuto , hochuekkito , boiogito , bofutsushosan , maokajutsuto , meiroin , yokuininto , yokukankashakuyaku , yokukansan , yokukansankashakuyakuoren , yokukansankachimpihange , rikkunshito , ryokyojutsukanto , ryokeijutsukanto , renjuin
Meridian tropism Spleen, Stomach
Property Warm
Flavor Sweet, Slightly bitter
Classification in "Shen-non Ben-cao Jing" Superior
TCM: Classification Tonics
TCM: Medicinal effects To invigorate the function of the spleen replenish qi, to eliminate damp by causing diuresis, to arrest excessive perspiration, and to prevent miscarriage.
Used for hypofunction of the spleen with anorexia, abdominal distention and diarrhea, dizziness and palpitation due to retention of phlegm and fluid, edema, spontaneous sweating, threatened abortion.
Remarks Listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia 18th ed.
References TN: T. Namba & Y. Tsuda ed., Outline of Pharmacognosy, a Textbook, 3rd ed., Nankodo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 1998.
DNA sequences of medicinal plants
Gene Region
Nuclear Chloroplast Mitochondria
Botanical source: Plant name 5Ss 18S ITS1 5.8S ITS2 26S others trnH-psbA matK trnK trnK-rps16 trnT-L trnL trnL-F rbcL rpoC1 ndhF others
Atractylodes japonica Koidzumi ex Kitamura (IPNI:182974-1)
Atractylodes macrocephala Koidzumi (IPNI:182978-1)


Information on genetic analysis

Metabolism information on chemical compounds included in crude drugs

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