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Saposhnikovia Root and Rhizome
Saposhnikovia Root and Rhizome
Market name:真防風
Photo location:Museum of Materia Medica, Inst. of Nat. Med.
TMPW No.:1033
Saposhnikovia divaricata
Plant name:Saposhnikovia divaricata
Photo location:Mongolia
Photo date:2004
Photographer:K. Komatsu

Latin name Saposhnikoviae Radix
Botanical source: Family name Umbelliferae
Botanical source: Plant name Saposhnikovia divaricata Schischkin (IPNI:847902-1)
Part used Root
Empirical criteria for quality selection Good one is thick and long. The exterior is light yellow and the interior is dense. Generally, there are dark brown fibrous remains of leaf bases at the top of the root. (TN)
Constituents Monosaccharides:

Terpenoids (Essential oils):
Essential oil

5-O-Methyl visamminol, Cimifugin, Hamaudol, and its glucoside

Pharmacological effects Antipyretic (decoction).
Indications As a diaphoretic, carminative, antifebrile and painkiller, it is applied to relieve cold, headache, fever without sweat, arthralgia, convulsion of limbs and tetanus.
Diseases Common cold, Fever, Chill, Headache, Somatic pain, Swelling and pain of joint, Twitch of the muscles, Convulsion, Itching, Tetanus
Formulas kufugedokusan , keigairengyoto , keishishakuyakuchimoto , keibohaidokusan , shozokumeito , shofusan , jumihaidokuto , jurokumiryukiin , jingyokyokatsuto , jingyobofuto , seijokentsuto , seijobofuto , senkanmeimokuto , senkyuchachosan , senkin'naitakusan , sokeikakketsuto , daibofuto , chotosan , jizusoippo , jizusoippokyodaio , tokiinshi , dokkatsuto , bofutsushosan , rikkosan , reitakutsukito , reitakutsukitokashin'i
Meridian tropism Urinary bladder, Liver, Spleen
Property Slightly warm
Flavor Acrid/pungent, Sweet
Classification in "Shen-non Ben-cao Jing" Superior
TCM: Classification Diaphoretics
TCM: Medicinal effects To induce perspiration, to dispel wind, to alleviate rheumatic conditions, and to relieve spasm.
Used for headache in colds, urticaria, rheumatic arthralgia, and tetanus.
Remarks Listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia 18th ed.
References TN: T. Namba & Y. Tsuda ed., Outline of Pharmacognosy, a Textbook, 3rd ed., Nankodo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 1998.
DNA sequences of medicinal plants
Gene Region
Nuclear Chloroplast Mitochondria
Botanical source: Plant name 5Ss 18S ITS1 5.8S ITS2 26S others trnH-psbA matK trnK trnK-rps16 trnT-L trnL trnL-F rbcL rpoC1 ndhF others
Saposhnikovia divaricata Schischkin (IPNI:847902-1)


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Traditional Medical & Pharmaceutical Database

Section of Pharmacognosy,
Division of Medicinal Resources,
Department of Research and Development,
Institute of Natural Medicine,
University of Toyama
2630 Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194 Japan
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