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Market name:大棗
Photo location:Museum of Materia Medica, Inst. of Nat. Med.
TMPW No.:10268
Ziziphus jujuba var. inermis
Plant name:Ziziphus jujuba var. inermis
Photo date:1999
Photographer:K. Komatsu

Latin name Ziziphi Fructus
Botanical source: Family name Rhamnaceae
Botanical source: Plant name Ziziphus jujuba var. inermis Rehder
Part used Ripe fruit
Empirical criteria for quality selection Good one is large-fruit and the external is deep red in color. The seed is small but the flesh is thick. (TN)
Constituents Other aliphatic and related compounds:
Malic acid, Tartaric acid

D-Fructose, D-Glucose

Oleanonic acid, Oleanolic acid, Maslinic acid and its 3-p-Coumaroylates, Betulonic acid, Betulinic acid, Alphitolic acid and its 2-,3-p-Coumaroylates, Ursolic acid

Triterpenoid saponins:
Zizyphus saponin I, Zizyphus saponin II, Zizyphus saponin III, Jujuboside A, Jujuboside B

Flavones & Flavonols:

Flavanones & Dihydroflavonols:
6,8-Diglucosyl-2 (S et R)-naringenin


Other aromatic derivatives:
Zizybeoside I, Zizybeoside II, Vomifoliol, Roseoside, Zizyvoside I, Zizyvoside II

Purine derivatives:
cyclic AMP

Mucous substances
Pharmacological effects Suppression of stress-induced ulcer (methanol extract). Antiallergic (alcohol extract).
Indications As an emollient, tonic, diuretic and antispasmodic, it is applied to treat tetanus of muscle, traction pain and hyperesthesia, cough, vexation and restlessness, general pain of body and abdominal pain.
Diseases Malaise, Anorexia, Muddy and watery stool, Anxiety, Insomnia, Scary constitution, Cough, Abdominal pain, Stomatic pain
Formulas ireito , uzukeishito , uyakujunkisan , untanto , eppikajutsuto , eppikajutsubuto , eppikahangeto , eppito , ogikeishigomotsuto , ogikenchuto , ogonkahangeshokyoto , ogonto , orento , kaikyushokushoto , kairosan , kashokuyohito , kakkoshokisan , kakkonkajutsubuto , kakkonkahangeto , kakkonto , kakkontokasenkyushin'i , kamiuntanto , kamikihito , kamiheiisan , karokeishito , kanzoshashinto , kambakutaisoto , kigikenchuto , kippichikujoto , kihito , kyukichoketsuin , kyukichoketsuindaiichikagen , keikyososooshimbuto , keishieppito , keishikaogito , keishikakakkonto , keishikakeito , keishikakobokukyoninto , keishikashakuyakushokyoninjinto , keishikashakuyakudaioto , keishikashakuyakuto , keishikajutsubuto , keishikabushito , keishikaryukotsuboreito , keishikaryojutsubuto , keishikyokeikabukuryobyakujutsuto , keishikyoshakuyakukashokushitsuryukotsuboreito , keishikyoshakuyakuto , keishito , keishinieppiitto , keishinieppiittokajutsubu , keishibushito , keihito , keimakakuhanto , kenchuto , koshaheiisan , koshayoito , kosharikkunshito , kobokushichimotsuto , goshakusan , goshuyuto , saikatsutokasenkyushin'i , saikanto , saikyohangeto , saikokaboshoto , saikokaryukotsuboreito , saikokeishito , saishakurikkunshito , saisoin , saibokuto , saireito , shikunshito , shakanzoto , shokyoshashinto , shokenchuto , shosaikoto , shosaikotokakikyosekko , jiinkokato , jissoto , jinsoin , seihaito , sempukukataishasekito , zenshikunshito , soshikokito , daisaikoto , daisaikotokyodaio , daiseiryuto , daibofuto , chukenchuto , tokikenchuto , tokishigyakukagoshuyushokyoto , tokishigyakuto , dokkatsukakkonto , hainosankyuto , hainoto , hachigesan , hangeshashinto , bakumondoto , byakujutsubushito , fukankinshokisan , bushikobeito , bunshinkiin , heiisan , hochuekkito , hohaito , boiogito , maorenshoshakushozuto , yakanmaoto , rikkunshito , ryokito , ryokeikansoto , reitakutsukito , reitakutsukitokashin'i
Meridian tropism Spleen
Property Warm
Flavor Sweet
Classification in "Shen-non Ben-cao Jing" Superior
TCM: Classification Tonics
TCM: Medicinal effects To tonify the spleen and replenish qi, to nourish blood, and to ease the mind.: For anorexia, lassitude and loose stools in deficiency syndromes of the spleen, hysteria in women.
Remarks Listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia 18th ed.
References TN: T. Namba & Y. Tsuda ed., Outline of Pharmacognosy, a Textbook, 3rd ed., Nankodo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 1998.
DNA sequences of medicinal plants
Gene Region
Nuclear Chloroplast Mitochondria
Botanical source: Plant name 5Ss 18S ITS1 5.8S ITS2 26S others trnH-psbA matK trnK trnK-rps16 trnT-L trnL trnL-F rbcL rpoC1 ndhF others
Ziziphus jujuba var. inermis Rehder (NCBI:txid1451284)


Information on genetic analysis

Metabolism information on chemical compounds included in crude drugs

Traditional Medical & Pharmaceutical Database

Section of Pharmacognosy,
Division of Medicinal Resources,
Department of Research and Development,
Institute of Natural Medicine,
University of Toyama
2630 Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194 Japan
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