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Cinnamon Bark
Cinnamon Bark
Market name:桂皮
Photo location:Museum of Materia Medica, Inst. of Nat. Med.
TMPW No.:4681
Cinnamomum cassia
Plant name:Cinnamomum cassia
Photo location:Kyoto Pref., Japan
Photo date:1989
Photographer:S. Yamaji

Latin name Cinnamomi Cortex
Botanical source: Family name Lauraceae
Botanical source: Plant name Cinnamomum cassia J.Presl (IPNI:77109079-1)
Part used Bark (young branch)
Empirical criteria for quality selection The one produced in Guangnan Prov. of China has thin bark, whereas the Vietnumese one has thic bark. The inner color of good one is charcoal brown or purplish black in color. It is pungent and has a fragrant odor (TN).
Constituents Other aliphatic and related compounds:
[C. verum]: Cassioside, Cinnamoside

C. verum: l-Phellandrene, α-Pinene, β-Pinene, Geranial, Camphene, Linalool, Terpinen-4-ol;
[C. sieboldii]: Camphene, Linalool, 1,8-Cineole

[C. cassia]: Cinnzeylanine, Cinnzeylanol, Anhydrocinnzeylanine, Anhydrocinnzeylanol, Cinncassiol A, Cinncassiol B, Cinncassiol C1, Cinncassiol C2, Cinncassiol C3, Cinncassiol D1, Cinncassiol D2, Cinncassiol D3, Cinncassiol D4, Cinncassiol E;
[C. verum]: Cinnzeylanine, Cinnzeylanol

[C. cassia]: Cinnamaldehyde (= Cinnamic aldehyde), Cinnamyl acetate, Phenylpropyl acetate, Cinnamic acid, Salicyl aldehyde;
[C. verum]: Cinnamaldehyde (= Cinnamic aldehyde), Eugenol;
[C. sieboldii]: Cinnamaldehyde (= Cinnamic aldehyde)

Cinnamtannin A1;
[C. cassia]: l-Epicatechin, Procyanidin B-2, Procyanidin B-5, Procyanidin C-1, Cinnamtannin I;
[C. verum]: l-Epicatechin, Procyanidin B-1, Procyanidin B-2, Procyanidin B-5
Pharmacological effects Sedative, analgesic (water extract, essential oil:excess amount induces spasm). Antibacterial (essential oil:against pathogenic mold). Blepharoptosis, antihypertensive, decrease of temperature, acceleration of respiration, arousal, enhancing bile secretion, inhibition of stress ulcer (cinnamaldehyde). Increasing perspiration, local anesthetic (water extract).
Indications As a diaphoretic, antifebrile, aromatic stomachic and carminative, it is applied to treat headache, fever, hot flashes, wind-cold, dizziness and body pain. Its essential oil is used as a corrigent, perfume and spice.
Diseases Common cold, Neuralgia, Rheumatism, Chronic bronchitis, Irregular menstruation, Amenorrhea, Abdominal pain, Diarrhea, Feeling of heavy and dull
Formulas anchusan , anchusankabukuryo , ifuto , ireito , inchingoreisan , uzukeishito , unkeito , ogikeishigomotsuto , ogikenchuto , ogibekkoto , orento , kakkonkajutsubuto , kakkonkahangeto , kakkonto , kakkontokasenkyushin'i , karogaihakuto , karokeishito , kanzobushito , kigikenchuto , kyukichoketsuindaiichikagen , kumibinroto , keikyososooshimbuto , keishieppito , keishikaogito , keishikakakkonto , keishikakeito , keishikakobokukyoninto , keishikashakuyakushokyoninjinto , keishikashakuyakudaioto , keishikashakuyakuto , keishikajutsubuto , keishikabushito , keishikaryukotsuboreito , keishikaryojutsubuto , keishikanzoto , keishikanzoryukotsuboreito , keishikyoshakuyakukashokushitsuryukotsuboreito , keishikyoshakuyakuto , keishishakuyakuchimoto , keishito , keishinieppiitto , keishinieppiittokajutsubu , keishininjinto , keishibukuryogan , keishibukuryoganryokayokuinin , keishibushito , keimakakuhanto , kenchuto , kojito , kobokushichimotsuto , goshitsusan , goshakusan , goshajinkigan , goreisan , saikatsugekito , saikatsutokasenkyushin'i , saikokaryukotsuboreito , saikokeishikankyoto , saikokeishito , saireito , shakanzoto , shokenchuto , shoseiryuto , shoseiryutokakyoninsekko , shoseiryutokasekko , shozokumeito , shobaito , shinsentaitsuko , juzentaihoto , jurokumiryukiin , sesshoin , senkin'naitakusan , soshikokito , zosonmokuboito , zokumeito , daiseiryuto , chukenchuto , chokoshiteito , jidabokuippo , teikiin , tokakujokito , tokikenchuto , tokishigyakukagoshuyushokyoto , tokishigyakuto , tokito , dokkatsukakkonto , dokkatsuto , nyoshinsan , ninjin'yoeito , hachimijiogan , hachimisenkiho , hangesankyuto , byakkokakeishito , bukuryokanzoto , bukuryotakushato , bunshinkiin , henseishinkiin , hohaito , hontonto (chugoho) , boibukuryoto , maokajutsuto , maoto , meiroin , mokuboikyosekkokabukuryoboshoto , mokuboito , yokuininto , ryokito , ryokeikansoto , ryokeijutsukanto , ryokeimikanto , renjuin
Meridian tropism Heart, Lung, Urinary bladder
Property Warm
Flavor Acrid/pungent, Sweet
Classification in "Shen-non Ben-cao Jing" Superior
TCM: Classification Diaphoretics (Drugs for dispelling internal cold)
TCM: Medicinal effects To supplement body fire, to reinforce yang, and to lead the fire back to the kidney, to dispel cold and to relieve pain, to activate blood circulation and to stimulate menstrual discharge.
Used for impotence, frigidity, feeling of coldness, pain in the loins and knees, dyspnea in deficiency syndrome of the kidney, dizziness, inflammation of the eye and sore throat due to yang deficiency, precordial and abdominal pain with cold sensation, vomiting and diarrhea in deficiency-cold syndromes, neurosis with a feeling of gas rushing up in the chest to the throat from the lower abdomen, amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea.
Remarks Listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia 18th ed.
References TN: T. Namba & Y. Tsuda ed., Outline of Pharmacognosy, a Textbook, 3rd ed., Nankodo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 1998.
DNA sequences of medicinal plants
Gene Region
Nuclear Chloroplast Mitochondria
Botanical source: Plant name 5Ss 18S ITS1 5.8S ITS2 26S others trnH-psbA matK trnK trnK-rps16 trnT-L trnL trnL-F rbcL rpoC1 ndhF others
Cinnamomum cassia Nees ex Blume (IPNI:463346-1)


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