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Poria Sclerotium
Poria Sclerotium
Market name:茯苓
Photo location:Museum of Materia Medica, Inst. of Nat. Med.
TMPW No.:12861
Wolfiporia cocos (Poria cocos)
Plant name:Wolfiporia cocos (Poria cocos)
Photo location:Yunnan Prov., China
Photo date:1999
Photographer:K. Komatsu

Latin name Poria
Botanical source: Family name Polyporaceae
Botanical source: Plant name Wolfiporia cocos Ryvarden et Gilbertson (GBIF:2549306)
Part used Sclerotium
Empirical criteria for quality selection The outer surface of good Fuling is black and the inside is pure white. It is solid and stiff. Wild Fuling of Yunnan Prov. is the best. (TN)
Constituents Fatty acids related compounds:

Pachyman [β-(1→3)-glucan polysaccharide]

Eburicoic acid, Dehydroeburicoic acid, Pachymic acid, Tumulosic acid, 3-β-Hydroxylanosta-7,9,(11),24-trien-21-oic acid;
3-O-Acetyl-16-α-hydroxytrametenolic acid, 3-Epidehydropachymic acid, 3-Epidehydrotumulosic acid, Poricoic acid BM, Poricoic acid E, Poricoic acid F


Amino acids:

Other nitrogen containing compounds:

Simple nitrogen containing compounds:
Pharmacological effects Reduction in blood sugar (water extract, alcohol extract), immunoenhancement (Pachyman).
Indications As a diuretic and tranquilizer, it is applied to treat edema with urination disorder, oliguria, dizziness, water-retention of the stomach, palpitation, mental instability, insomnia and convulsion. In traditional Chinese medicine, it is said to remove excessive water, invigorating the spleen function and tranquilizing the mind.
Diseases Oliguria, Edema, Anorexia, Lack of energy, Full stomach, Muddy and watery stool, Nausea, Vomitting, Vertigo, Insomnia, Anxiety, Scary constitution, Palpitation
Formulas anchusankabukuryo , ifuto , ireito , inchingoreisan , ureitsukisan , untanto , ogibekkoto , kairosan , kagaisan , kashokuyohito , kakkoshokisan , kamiuntanto , kamikihito , kamishoyosan , kamishoyosankasenkyujio , karokijitsuto , kishukunichinto , kihito , kyukichoketsuin , kyukichoketsuindaiichikagen , keishikaryojutsubuto , keishikyokeikabukuryobyakujutsuto , keishibukuryogan , keishibukuryoganryokayokuinin , keihito , keimeisankabukuryo , kenchuto , koshayoito , kosharikkunshito , kojito , kogikujiogan , goshakusan , goshajinkigan , gorinsan , goreisan , saikokaryukotsuboreito , saishakurikkunshito , saibokuto , saireito , sansoninto , shikunshito , shohangekabukuryoto , shoyosan , shireito , shimbuto , jiinshihoto , juzentaihoto , jumihaidokuto , jofuto , jinsoin , jinryobyakujutsusan , seishitsuketanto , seishinrenshiin , seinetsuhokito , seihaito , sekigan , zenshikunshito , zenshibyakujutsusan , sokeikakketsuto , takurishodokuin , chikujountanto , chibakujiogan , chotosan , choreito , choreitogoshimotsuto , teikiin , tokishakuyakusan , tokishakuyakusankaogichoto , tokishakuyakusankaninjin , tokishakuyakusankabushi , nijutsuto , nichinto , ninjin'yoeito , hachigesan , hachimijiogan , hachimitaikaho , hangekobokuto , hangebyakujutsutemmato , bukuryukanto , bukuryoin , bukuryoinkahange , bukuryoingohangekobokuto , bukuryokanzoto , bukuryokyoninkanzoto , bukuryoshigyakuto , bukuryotakushato , bushito , bunshoto , bunshinkiin , henseishinkiin , hokikenchuto , boibukuryoto , mibakujiogan , meiroin , mokuboikyosekkokabukuryoboshoto , yokukankashakuyaku , yokukansan , yokukansankashakuyakuoren , yokukansankachimpihange , rikkunshito , ryokankyomishingeninto , ryokito , ryokyojutsukanto , ryokeikansoto , ryokeijutsukanto , ryokeimikanto , renjuin , rokumigan
Meridian tropism Heart, Lung, Spleen, Stomach
Property Neutral
Flavor Sweet
Classification in "Shen-non Ben-cao Jing" Superior
TCM: Classification Diuretics with removing dampness
TCM: Medicinal effects To cause diuresis, to invigorate the spleen function and to calm the mind.
Used for edema with oliguria, dizziness and palpitation caused by retained phlegm, diminished function of the spleen marked by anorexia, loose stools or diarrhea, restlessness and insomnia.
Remarks Listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia 18th ed.
References TN: T. Namba & Y. Tsuda ed., Outline of Pharmacognosy, a Textbook, 3rd ed., Nankodo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 1998.
DNA sequences of medicinal plants
Gene Region
Nuclear Chloroplast Mitochondria
Botanical source: Plant name 5Ss 18S ITS1 5.8S ITS2 26S others trnH-psbA matK trnK trnK-rps16 trnT-L trnL trnL-F rbcL rpoC1 ndhF others
Wolfiporia cocos Ryvarden et Gilbertson (GBIF:2549306)


Information on genetic analysis

Metabolism information on chemical compounds included in crude drugs

Traditional Medical & Pharmaceutical Database

Section of Pharmacognosy,
Division of Medicinal Resources,
Department of Research and Development,
Institute of Natural Medicine,
University of Toyama
2630 Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194 Japan
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